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 words and their meanings

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PostSubject: words and their meanings   Tue Sep 11, 2007 4:15 am

Acharit hayamim – end of days

Adonai – Lord

Adonai-Eloheynu – Lord our God

Adonai-Tzva’ot – Lord of Hosts, heavens armies

Am-ha’aretz – people of the land, common person, not educated

Avinu – our father

Beit-Anyah – Bethany

Beit-Lechem – Bethlehem

Beit-Pagey – Bethphage

Beit-Tzaidah – Bethsaida

Beit-Zata – Bethesda

B’rit – covenant, contract

B’rit Chadashah – New Testament

B’rit Milah – covenant of circumcision

Challah – loaf/bread commonly eaten on the Sabbath

Chametz – leavened dough – with yeast

Chutzpah – boldness, insolence

Cohen / cohanim – priest/priests

Cohen gadol – high priest

Drash – teaching, study

Eliyahu – Elijah

Elohim – God or Gods

Eretz Israel – the land of Israel

Galil – the Galilee

Gamliel – a pharisee the teacher of Paul

Get – divorce certificate

Goy(im) – gentil(es)

Ha Elyon – the Most High

HaG’dulah BaM’romim – the Greatness on High

HaG’vurah – the Power

HaKadosh – the Holy One

Hallel – Praise, also Psalms 113-118, the great Hallel (136)

HaM’vorakh – the Blessed One

HaShem – the Name

Hoshanah Rabbah – great hosanna, more specifically, the last day of Succot

Kannah – Cana

Kapparah – atonement

Kayafa – Caiaphus

Kefa – Cephas / Peter

K’farNachum – Capernaum

Korban – animal sacrifice or gift

L’vi(im) – temple worker(s)

Macher – a doer, zealous, big cheese

Mamzer – offspring of improper relationship

Marana’ta – our Lord come

Mashiach – Messiah

Mattityahu – Matthew

Matzah – unleavened bread

M’chitzah – dividing wall

Menorah – lamp with seven candles

Mentsh – good reliable person

Meshugga – crazy

Midrash – homiletical interpretation of a text

Mikveh – pool of water for ritual purification

Minchah – afternoon sacrifice/prayers

Miryam – Mary

Mitvah/mitzyot – command/s

Moshe – Moses

Motza’eiShabbat – Saturday evening

Natzeret – Nazareth

N’tilatya-dayim – ceremonial handwashing

Nudnik – boring, pest

OlamHaba – world to come

OlamHazeh – this world

Parokhet – curtain in holy of holies

Parush – Pharisee

P’rushim – Pharisees

Rabbini – my great one, teacher

Rosh Chodesh – festival of the new moon

Ruach HaKodesh – Holy Spirit

Ruach Elohim – Spirit of God

Sanhedrin – religious court

HaSatan – the Satan – adversary

Seder – order of doing things, eg Passover

Sekhel – common sense

Shabbat/Shabbatot – Sabbath(s)

Shalom – peace, welfare, contentedness, and more

Shalom Aleikhem – peace be upon you

Sharav – hot dry wind

Shaul – Saul/Paul

Shavu’ot – feast of weeks/Pentecost

Sh’eilah(lot) – question about halakhah

Sh’khinah – manifest presence of God

Shmoose – chit chat

Shofar – trumpet, Rams horn

S’mikhah – laying on of hands

Succot – feast of booths (tabernacles)

Talmid(ah) – very close apprentice, disciple(s)

Tanakh – Hebrew Bible

T’filin – boxes tied to the hand and head, containing scripture

Torah – teaching, often poorly translated as ‘law’

Treif – torn, non kosher

T’shuvah – turn back, repent

Tsuris – troubles

Tzaddik(im) – righteous person(s)

Tz-dukim – Sadducees, from Zadok, i.e. Zadokites

Tzitzit, tzitziyot – cords in corners of clothing/prayer cloth

Yeshua – Jesus

Yerushalyim – Jerusalem

Yochanan – John, means God gives grace

Yom Kippur – day of atonement, aka ‘the Fast'

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PostSubject: Re: words and their meanings   Wed Dec 12, 2007 4:20 pm

Yeshua actually means Salvation or Salvation of G-d, not Jesus steve. Wink
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PostSubject: Re: words and their meanings   Thu Dec 13, 2007 1:41 am

sorry, i was not attempting to provide the meaning of jesus' name, just the regular alternative, but that's ok.

p.s. i like what you have done it looks very nice.


Steve
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PostSubject: Re: words and their meanings   Thu Feb 14, 2008 8:48 pm

Currently my Hebrew is Much slower than when i was in class!

A list of animals has the chicken: (end to beg. as (L) to (R))
hay rash vav vait Dalet = d'vorakh

HaM’vorakh – the Blessed One

If the spelling is the same [sounds like it]; i know roots have family connections [sorta speak] -- i wonder what the message would be there?
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